TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION
Serious or prolonged depression is often treated with
anti-depressive medication. Medicines used against depression
generally increase the level of neurotransmitters like serotonin in
the central nervous system, or they mimic the neurotransmitters.
The medications mostly used today increase the serotonin
concentration by decreasing the removal of serotonin from the space
around nerve cells. Examples of this medication type are: Fluoxetine
(Prozac), fluvoxamine (Luvox), paroxetine (Paxil), escitalopram (Lexapro,
Celexa), sentraline (zoloft).
By bipolar disorder in the manic face, heavy tranquilizers (neuroleptica)
are used to stop the manic symptoms. By bipolar disorder, lithium
salts are sometimes used to stabilize the condition, and prevent new
outbreak of depressive or manic faces.
Sometimes serious depression is treated by applying electric shock
through the head, electroconvulsive therapy. The shock induces
epileptic eruption of nerve signals through the brain and this gives
cramps throughout the body. The cramps are alleviated or stopped by
applying anaesthesia before the electroshock. This form of treatment
is controversial, since it can cause memory loss and is suspected of
causing brain damage. The possibility of brain damage is however
denied by most psychiatrists.
Adjustment of lifestyle should always be considered by depression or
depressive symptoms. Lifestyle measures can sometimes be enough to
cure depressive symptoms before a serious depression develop.
Lifestyle adjustments can be:
- To slow down a stressful life with too
much work or activities
- Enough rest and sleep
- A good diet with enough of necessary
- Some physical exercise
- Supplement of vitamins, minerals,
antioxidants, lecithin, amino acids and essential fatty acids
- Stimulants like coffee or tea may help
against depressive feelings in moderate amount. However, if you
are a heavy user of these stimulants, you should cut down on
There exist nutritional products in the marked to help against
depressive symptoms. These contain ingredients that the brain uses
as building blocks for neurotransmitters, for example amino acids
and lecithin. They also often contain vitamins and minerals that the
brain uses as tools to produce neurotransmitters, especially vitamin
Supplements may further contain herbal extracts that trigger higher
brain activity much like anti-depressive medications, but may have
fewer side effects.